Here Are The Most Common Problems With Split Air Conditioners
Air conditioners have become an important part of our homes (read our AC Buying Guide For India), especially in hot and humid areas as well as polluted cities. ACs are most commonly used during summers, and that is when you would want your air conditioner to be working in perfect condition so that it doesn’t break down or fail when you need it the most. Whether it is a split AC or a window AC, each air conditioner is susceptible to breakdowns and problems if they are not serviced regularly. Today, we will talk about the most common split air conditioner problems and their possible solutions…
Most Common Split AC Problems & How You Can Fix Them
Some of the most common split AC problems arise due to irregular maintenance and most of those problems could be prevented through proper care.
Clogged Air Filter
Air filters are designed to protect the AC from dust, debris, and hair. If they are not cleaned frequently (once every six months), they can get clogged and affect the AC’s cooling performance. Clogged filters also force the AC to work harder (and consume more power) to cool the same room, resulting in higher electricity bills and slower cooling. To clean or unclog an air filter, you should remove them from the split AC (follow your AC’s manual to see how it is done) and clean them using a low-power vacuum cleaner or through warm running water.
Ice Formation on the Coils
Another possible reason for the lack of cooling could be ice formation around the evaporator coils. Ice can form on the AC’s evaporator coils if you don’t maintain your AC regularly, which also leads to the collection of dirt, dust, and fungi on the air filter and other parts of the AC. When a thin sheet of ice forms on the evaporator coils, it can’t absorb latent heat and slows down the AC’s cooling performance. To solve this issue, make sure that you clean the air filters at regular intervals. The problem should go away for most people, but if it doesn’t, we recommend calling an experienced service professional to solve the issue.
If the air conditioner is not cooling your room properly, it could be due to low refrigerant levels. Refrigerant is a fluid or gaseous compound that absorbs heat from the environment and provides air conditioning when combined with the AC’s compressor and evaporator. If the AC was undercharged with refrigerant or if there is gas leakage in your split air conditioner, it might not perform as well as it should. This problem occurs more commonly in areas located around coastal regions or anywhere close to sewage where air pollution and humidity are high. To solve this problem, you need to check the split AC’s indoor unit, outdoor unit, and the connection between them for possible leaks. After plugging any possible leaks, you should recharge the refrigerant gas to optimum levels as prescribed in the AC’s manual. However, it is not easy to accomplish those steps, and we recommend calling a professional to solve this issue.
The split AC’s compressor, which is one of its main components, is situated in the outdoor unit. It takes care of the gas flow between the evaporator and the condenser. When the compressor doesn’t function properly, the AC won’t perform up to its full potential or sometimes it doesn’t work at all. The reason could be a burned wire, a defective start capacitor, or a defective compressor itself. To solve a faulty compressor in your split AC, you have to get the condenser coil cleaned, check the capacitor, clean the outdoor unit’s fan cleaned, and replace the compressor (if it is found to be faulty). A compressor costs anywhere between ₹6,000 and ₹10,000, depending on the AC’s brand. It is the costliest component of any AC, and to stop it from breaking down, you need to get your AC serviced regularly. In case of your brand new AC’s compressor is found to be faulty, you can get it replaced or repaired free of cost under the standard brand warranty.